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A[]

algorithm[]

Some logical process for accomplishing a task.

D[]

data[]

Plural of datum.

datatype[]

Formally defined type of information, or data, either native or defined in a class or prototype. May be part of any of several type systems, although none is absolutely necessary.

datum[]

A single unit, or item, of information. Plural data.

domain[]

A type of use for one or more languages. A language used in a single domain is called a domain-specific language.

F[]

for loop[]

A loop construct used to count iterations, potentially to limit them.

function[]

A sequence of instructions with no side-effects which returns a value, modeled after the algebraic function. Many languages use this term in place of subroutine, which this may be considered a type of. Related terms include procedure and method.

M[]

method[]

A subroutine attached as a member to a class or object. Related terms include procedure and function.

P[]

procedure[]

A sequence of instructions which has side-effects and does not return a value. The BASIC family of languages use this term in place of subroutine, which this may be considered a type of. Related terms include function and method.

S[]

subroutine[]

A sequence of instructions which may have side-effects and may return a value. Related terms include function, method, and procedure, all of which may be considered as types of subroutines. Less commonly known as a routine.

static[]

In class-based programming, of a member attached to a class rather than to each instance, or a class which exclusively contains such members.